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Revisting The Hague PCA Arbitral Award on South China Sea five years on

Revisting The Hague PCA Arbitral   Award on South China Sea five years onFive years ago, on July 12, 2016, the Tribunal on the South China Sea case, established by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague under Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982, rendered a verdict representing an almost absolute victory for the Philippines on most of their submissions. For five years, the legal struggle in the South China Sea has witnessed many important new developments, especially in the past year. Let's revisit this historic event together.

Imposing domestic laws and administrative decisions on the South China Sea

Imposing domestic laws and administrative decisions on the South China Sea What is Chinas intentionOver the past decades, China has issued many legal documents and administrative decisions on maritime affairs, which comprise of the regulations that directly affect countries inside and outside the region. The regulations are imposed   upon almost the entire South China Sea, including the waters of neighboring countries. Then, what is the legality of those regulations and what does China have in mind when making such regulations?

Decoding Beijing's proposed meeting with ASEAN in China

Decoding Beijings proposed meeting with ASEAN in ChinaChina proposed to hold a China-ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ meeting after a series of its moves that further complicated the South China Sea situation, particularly: (i) passing two revised laws on maritime issues (the new Coast Guard Law, effective on February 1, 2021 and Law on Maritime Traffic Safety, effective on September 1, 2021); (ii) conducting a series of exercises in the South China Sea ( some 20 exercises in just 5 months in the South China Sea, including those with the Liaoning aircraft carrier strike group and the Shandong strike group); (iii) deploying nearly 300 militia ships to the Whitsun Reef in the Grierson Reef, which is part of the Spratly Islands, and at the same time anchoring many warships at features occupied by China in the Spratlys; (iv) on April 23, Xi Jinping personally attended the flag-raising ceremonywhen Beijing commissioned three modern warships for the navy on Hainan Island; (v) issuing a fishing ban in the South China Sea from May 1 to August 16; (vi) a high-ranking Chinese military delegation inspected the Spratly Islands in early May (its chartered aircraft landed at the airport on Fiery Cross Reef in the Spratly Islands, where China reclaimed, expanded and built a three-kilometer runway). Thus, the goal of China’s proposals on a meeting with ASEAN is of great interest to observers.

Chinese-U.S. Split Is Forcing Singapore to Choose Sides

ChineseUS Split Is Forcing Singapore to Choose SidesIn Singapore, the word kiasu is ubiquitous. In the Hokkien dialect, the traditional lingua franca of many ethnic Chinese in Southeast Asia, it means “afraid to lose” and describes the fear of missing opportunities. In the realm of foreign policy, Singapore is the paragon of kiasu-ness: As a highly networked trading hub connecting East and West, the island strives to keep opportunities open in all directions. To that end, it seeks to balance its relations and avoid having to take sides between China and the United States.

The recent Natuna dispute between Indonesia and China - causes and effects

The recent Natuna dispute between Indonesia and China causes and effectsLocated in the North of Kalimantan, part of the Indonesia’s Borneo island of the Natuna Sea is claimed by the Indonesian government as part of its exclusive economic zone (EEZ), but China claims that it has“historic rights”over the area as a part of its“traditional fishing ground. The dispute between the two countries in this area has recently raised public concerns.

If the US went to war with China, who would win?

If the US went to war with China who would winAdmiral James Stavridis was 16th Supreme Allied Commander of NATO and 12th Dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He spent the bulk of his operational career in the Pacific, and is author of "2034: A Novel of the Next World War."

A great deal has been written about the possibility of a war between the U.S. and China. It tends to be measured in theoretical terms, and much of the analysis centers on exactly when it might occur. But the vital question is really quite simple: who would win?

No ordinary boats: Cracking the code on China’s Spratly maritime militias

tau-trung-quoc-ap-8970-1618388-6124-7534-1619525895A Chinese fishing vessel appears in a sensitive location—near the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, a South China Sea reef, or just offshore from a U.S. military base. Is it an “ordinary” fishing boat, or is it maritime militia?

This straightforward question seldom yields straightforward answers. China does not publish a roster of maritime militia boats. That would undermine the militia’s key advantages—secrecy and deniability. Nor is it common for Chinese sources to recognize the militia affiliations of individual boats. Analysts can gather clues and make a case that a vessel is likely maritime militia, or not. That process requires painstaking effort, and the results are rarely definitive.

Beijing's blatant slanders

beijing blatant slanderOn April 25, the South China Morning Post cited an article from Chinas Naval and Merchant Ship magazine that Vietnam was building its maritime militia in the South China Sea, threatening China's maritime law enforcement and national defence security, insisting that the matter should be taken seriously and dealt with in a timely manner. This article will provide an analysis revealing the truth behind those above-mentioned blatant slanders from the Chinese side.

Anti-China alliance coalescing in South China Sea

AntiChina alliance coalescing in South China SeaMANILA – Major powers are wading deeper into the South China Sea in a series of moves that promise to rile China while answering US calls for like-minded nations to counter jointly Beijing’s rising assertiveness in the crucial and contested maritime area.

Japan recently announced a new package of defense aid to the Philippines, the first-ever under the official development assistance (ODA) mechanism. At the same time, the United Kingdom is deploying its largest-ever naval flotilla to the region in recent memory, led by the newly-minted aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth.

Brace Yourself for the Outcome of Biden’s China Policy Review

Brace Yourself for the Outcome of Bidens China Policy ReviewPeter Beinart’s recent New York Times opinion piece on the Biden administration’s policy toward Taiwan misconstrues the new administration’s approach to Cross-Strait relations, but even more important, fundamentally misunderstands what will be necessary to sustain stability and prosperity in East Asia during a time when China’s increasingly assertive approach toward Taiwan threatens to upend more than four decades of peace in the Western Pacific.

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